In recent years, the silkworm silk industry in Vietnam has gradually recovered when the quality of silk is good, which is popular in many international markets. However, with the inherent difficulties, to really develop this industry is not a simple thing.

In the whole country, the mulberry industry has been growing remarkably in the provinces of Phu Tho, Thai Binh, Lao Cai, Son La, Kon Tum ..., the "capital" of silkworm silkworm is Lam Dong .
According to Mr. Dang Vinh Tho - President of Silkworm Association of Vietnam, Deputy General Director of Vietnam Silkworm - JSC: Of about 10,000ha of mulberry in the country, there are over 5,000ha concentrated in Lam Dong. Although only 50% of the country's land area, silk production in Lam Dong accounts for 70% of the country. The reason is that in Lam Dong, mulberry growers can raise silkworm reptiles around the year. On average, farmers cultivate 18-20 silkworms with average yield of cocoon / ha at 2.5 tons / ha. Good cocoon quality, the price up to 170,000 VND / kg.
In fact, by catching the opportunities of silkworm silkworm are recovering, development, many companies have boldly invested in modern machinery production to meet domestic demand as well as export. The country now has 40 self-winding machines. Particularly in Lam Dong province, there are about 15 silk spinning enterprises with the capacity of producing 2 tons of silk per day and more than 20 mechanical silk spinning centers, each day producing nearly 1 ton of silk. Mr. Tho said that most of this silk are exported abroad by each level. Specifically, quality silk was exported to India, Pakistan. Quality is exported to China, Thailand, Cambodia ... The rest sell to the domestic market.
Regarding the quality of silk in Vietnam, Mr. Tho commented: The quality of silk in Vietnam is very good. If invested properly will produce beautiful silk fabric. In depth analysis of silk quality, especially in Lam Dong, according to Mr. Tho, thanks to stable cocoon quality should give high quality silk, completely meet the requirements of export. Exports are at 64-65 USD / kg. Silk textile of Bao Loc (Lam Dong) is invested with modern production lines, high capacity, creating many good quality products for export, even export to the whole market. "difficult" as Japan.
Settle eggs like silkworm
The quality of products is good, there are companies focused on investment development, the export market, so what is typical difficulties, direct which silkworm silk industry is facing?
According to representative representatives of some localities where silkworm silkworms are revitalizing and developing, the key issue is that Vietnam is not yet able to source silkworm eggs. At present, up to 90% of the source of silkworm eggs imported from China under the quota. This leads to an unstable source of seed quality that directly affects the yield, quality and length of the silk.
With regard to this issue, Mr. Tho affirmed: silkworm eggs are a serious problem of silkworm silkworm Vietnam. In order to remove difficulties and support the silkworm silk industry, the Silkworm Association of Vietnam requested MARD to assist silkworm import from China in the official way. In addition, as the current supply of silkworm eggs has not any official company, the association also proposed that MARD coordinate with the local technical assistance, silkworm raising organization then provide silkworm breeding for farmers, avoiding risks for silkworm farmers, especially in Lam Dong.
Around the story of how to develop silkworm silk for the model, some experts in agriculture said: If there is no strategy to develop silkworm silkworm, only 10-15 years will be. No material to produce silk. To overcome this, solving the problem of silkworm eggs is not enough. It is important to build a well-connected chain of goods through the introduction of new mulberry varieties, fine silkworms, with guaranteed productivity and quality. In addition, for the salt companies that invest in mulberry silk, the government should have preferential policies to buy cocoon products for each silkworm. Particularly, to develop the whole industry, it is necessary to select a number of "leading" companies, prestige good work export products.
In the domestic market, in the context of the frequent occurrence of the "brass mixed" status, tea mixed products, sales of Chinese but labeled "Made in Viet Nam" the management. The quality of silk and trade fraud is one of the important factors that can not be neglected to ensure the silkworm silk industry develops sustainably.
Artist Do Quang Hung (Van Phuc silk weaving village in Ha Noi): People change jobs because of production of 1 meter of silk
In the period 1995-2000, the profession of silk production and trading is very developed in Vietnam but now it is no longer. One of the reasons is that the planting of mulberry and silkworm rearing has been reduced, especially in the Northern Delta. In Van Phuc silk village, most of the people have to import silk from Bao Loc (Lam Dong) with the price of about 1.6 million VND / kg. Besides, weaving workers are quite high. To weave 1kg of silk, the skilled worker must weave for 5 days. This leads to the condition, want to have