While the mulberry silk industry in Vietnam is still struggling to find a way to sustainable development is not complete, now more anxiety from Chinese investors to hide the market instability.

The situation is more unstable

According to the Silkworm Association of Vietnam, after the recession, since 2007, silkworm mulberry has gradually recovered and developed. Up to now, there are over 200 silkworm raising households in the country, of which Lam Dong has 150 households. As a result, the country now has 40 self-sustaining silkworm reels and this figure will be 50 by the end of this year. This "hot" development has become a major challenge for the development of the industry. Unbalanced investment between machinery and equipment with the development of raw materials.

At the Congress of Silkworm Association of Vietnam, the term of 2017 - 2022 (April 15, in Bac Loc District, Lam Dong), Mr. Dang Vinh Tho, President of Vietnam Silkworm Association, Deputy General Director Vietnam Silkworm Corporation, said: "Currently there are about 7,000 to 8,000 hectares in the country. If the farmers invest in the intensive cultivation of mulberry trees, the yield is 30 tons / ha and the silkworm rearing is not sick, the cocoon is not enough to meet the capacity of machinery that businesses and households have invested. Particularly in Lam Dong, there are about 15 self-spinning businesses, which produce more than 2 tons of silk per day and more than 20 mechanical silk spinning factories, producing nearly 1 ton of mechanical silk. But all the incubators do not have a common voice, each one is strong, and the sale of the sale takes place, making the market unstable. "

In addition, the important step in the silkworm silk production chain is the supply of silkworm eggs for silkworm raising households are also open, no business stand out as this service but only a few importing silkworm eggs from China through small quota, not through quarantine of plants and animals. Due to unclear origins, so many times causing great damage to the farmers.

The silkworm raising people are not really secure about the supply of silkworm eggs

Worry from Chinese traders

According to Silkworm Association, Vietnam market is not small, but now every year must import a thousand tons of silk from China, Brazil ... to work for Matsumura Company (Japan) export.

Not only that, Vietnam silkworm silkworms still have to deal with the Chinese business "hiding" the Vietnamese business overflow. Mr. Pham Phu Binh, Director of Phu Cuong Silk Company (Dai Lao commune, Bieu Loc district), said: "Currently, the old machinery in China is in surplus and they are almost empty and some way have been "running" to Vietnam, people, business investment caused a severe lack of raw materials. More worth saying, Chinese traders "hide" the Vietnamese enterprises invest in the nursery and then buy raw materials in the sky (normal value is only 140,000 to 150,000 VND / kg of cocoons, but They raised up to VND170,000 / 1kg of cocoons, which made Vietnamese businesses unbearable to watch over them. "Last year we lost, this year also lost and we do not know what next year will be."

"The Chinese traders are in the shadows, so we do not know where they are going," said Dang Vinh Tho. At first such price, in the immediate benefit to farmers but in the long term fear is not good. By their prognosis, they "stir" a time, causing the domestic enterprises to "hunt" and then they drown, farmers will suffer. At that time, domestic enterprises want to return to production is very difficult, because workers are no longer. Moreover, another factor that attracts Chinese merchants is that silk products exported to India are exempted from the tax rate of 15% while those in China are taxed. They are here to benefit.

What to do to develop sustainably?

In view of the above situation, if Vietnam does not have a strong strategy to develop silkworm silk industry, then we will have no material for production in the next 10-15 years. Therefore, we need to promote the role of Silkworm Association of Vietnam. "The Association must take the initiative in contributing ideas to perfect mechanisms and policies, creating favorable conditions for the development of mulberry cultivation, silkworm rearing, silkworm rearing and silkworm rearing. How to build a chain of commodity production, bring new mulberry varieties, fine silkworm breeding, silkworm raising children, focus on buying cocoon products for each silkworm enterprises and select a number of enterprises "leading forum" do export duties. At the same time arbitrate the purchase, sale, price, dumping, and prevent the mulberry, silkworm silkworm, poor quality silkworm farmers are not assured production. The association needs to establish a "four home" relationship; Unified management of technology, anti-counterfeiting to avoid price shock and discredit in the market, "said Dang Vinh Tho

Besides, according to Pham Phu Binh, the Chinese traders invest in Vietnam we can not avoid. However, before the investment license for a business, functional departments should carefully evaluate the project, see if the plan on the area of ​​guaranteed raw materials and then newly licensed investment.

In addition, according to Le Thai Vu, Member of Executive Board of Silkworm Association of Vietnam, Chairman of Quang Nam Silk Joint Stock Company, to develop sustainable silkworm silk industry in Vietnam, designers, designers at home and abroad to join together to create fashion products and other products from silk in Vietnam. In particular, it should be combined with tourism "craft villages" to create tourist attractions for visitors (mulberry planting, silkworm rearing, silkworm rearing, silk weaving) and organizing traditional festivals related to silk to introduce and promote the silk silk brand in Vietnam to international friends.

Gia Bình

Ảnh: G.B