There is a time when silkworm rearing for silkworm silkworming of Bao Loc city (Lam Dong) is flourishing, with an area of up to 3,000ha. But...

However, after the 1990s, this profession fell into the "slope not brake".
Once upon a time
For the elderly in Bao Loc, mulberry growing, silkworm raising, silkworming, silk weaving, which is a traditional profession, sometimes helped them to get rich. Compared to the whole country, Bao Loc is a locality where mulberry farming, silkworm rearing and silkworm rearing develop very early. Temperatures between 22 and 28 degrees Celsius are ideal conditions for the development of high-quality birefringence silkworms and mulberry trees.
Mulberry growing back in Bao Loc
Prior to 1975, Bao Loc had a pulpit research center under Lam Dong Agriculture. After 1975, the city continued to establish the Central Silkworm Farm, the precursor of Vietnam Silkworm. In golden age, the area of ​​mulberry farming in Bao Loc has reached over 3,000 ha with hundreds of silk-spinning and weaving plants belonging to state-owned companies and cooperatives.
However, few years after the government's policy of opening up the economy, weaving silk and silk of Bao Loc is subject to fierce competition from silk products of the world silk market. Technological backwardness, quality of silk products selection is not high, the form of the code is not like that has made the industry a ball of Bao Loc once lost in the home.
Silk products made by enterprises which are not competitive with the same kind of goods of foreign countries lead to unsatisfactory goods and business decline. The silkworm raising of the people in the crisis because no output. The income from silkworm rearing decreased, became more bowls than other professions ...
The silk industry
In recent years, before the situation of Bao Loc tea industry is facing many difficulties in output, the market is not stable, local authorities as well as people are more interested in silkworm rearing, silkworm silkworm traditional.
The recovery of this sector began with the introduction of new varieties of strawberry for high productivity in silkworm rearing.
Silk production in Bao Loc is growing rapidly recently
Ms. Nguyen Thi Huong, who lives in B'Lao ward, Bao Loc city, owns 5 sao of mulberry land and hundreds of new varieties of mulberry and silkworm, said that in recent years, cocoon price has always been stable at high level. Applying technical advances from planting, intensive breeding to high quality silkworm rearing has reduced production costs, increased productivity and quality of cocoons, creating a stable source of income for the family. sister.
Thanks to silkworm raising business for local businesses, Huong's family has built a villa worth 1.5 billion dong. Shopping with high value items for living and entertainment.
The rejuvenation of the silk and silk weaving industry in Bao Loc has prompted people to expand their silkworm rearing area. According to Economic Department of Bao Loc city, the area of ​​mulberry growing has increased to 248ha, yield of mulberry leaves is about 5,000 tons per year.
Together with the "re-birth" of silkworm breeding, many large-scale silk-processing factories have been built or resumed, creating jobs for thousands of workers in agriculture and industry. and service.
Nguyen Thai Lam, deputy head of economic department of Bao Loc city, said that the technology of producing silk and silk products from Bao Loc was very basic, the production line modern, high capacity, accounting for 75% capacity of incubation, 70% capacity of silk weaving of the country. The industry of silk weaving has created many high quality products, exporting to countries like Japan, EU, USA, India, Thailand ...
Silk worm incubators have been active in attracting silkworm breeding
In Bao Loc area, there are large-scale silk-producing units, such as Silkworm, Silk, Bao Loc Silk, Asian silk, Kimono Japan ... and nearly 30 muscles. Weaving, silk weaving of households.
Bao Loc is being built as a production center of silk processing in Lam Dong province, based on the plan of developing mulberry production in the direction of linking raw material areas with the development of advanced technology factories. the plant with mulberry growers, silkworm rearing to ensure the consumption of cocoon silk products in the province.
In addition, localities are also planning and rearranging silkworm reeds and silkworming plants, intensifying the training and retraining of managers, technical workers, trainers, technological advances to mulberry growers, silkworm rearing, silkworm rearing.
According to Nguyen Thai Lam, the market of silk in Japan is in great need of high-end silk, lower demand is the market in Thailand, India, Bangladesh ... Therefore, enterprises need to seize the grasp. catch up, continue to promote products in traditional markets and expand new potential markets.
With positive changes in recent years, it can be seen that silkworm rearing, silkworm rearing of Bao Loc is gradually recovering.